Dentures / Partials
Dentures are a removable replacement for missing teeth. Depending on the individual patient case, they may receive full or partial dentures. Full dentures are used when all of the natural teeth are removed from the mouth and replaced with a full set of dentures. There are three types of full dentures.
- Conventional Full Dentures – are fabricated when all the teeth are removed and the tissue is given the appropriate time to heal before the dentures are placed. It could take a few months for the gum tissue to heal completely, and during this time you will be without teeth.
- Immediate Full Dentures– are fabricated prior to having your teeth removed, your dentist takes measurements and has dentures fabricated to the expected post-surgical mouth. After removing the teeth, the dentures are immediately placed in your mouth. The benefit is that you do not have to spend any time without teeth. You will, however, need to have a follow up visit to reline your dentures after your mouth has completely healed.
- Overdentures– are a unique class of dentures that use either implant or natural tooth roots in retaining the dentures. In some individual cases, a patient may need full dentures but still have viable roots that are capable of supporting a full denture. A retentive “clip” is attached to the root to which the denture covers and “clips” to. A minimum of two retentive clips are needed, one for each side. Where there are no viable roots, implants can be placed.
Partial dentures are an option for missing teeth when fixed bridgework is not a viable option. Denture teeth are placed on a removable framework that uses either clasps or other retentive options to maintain stability.
Dentures should be cared for very much like your natural teeth. You should brush them with a denture brush over a sink filled with water to avoid dropping them on a hard surface and fracturing them. This removes plaque and food particles that can cause dentures to have a bad odor. . After they have been removed you should place them directly into room temperature water or a denture cleaning solution. Never use hot water because it could warp the dentures. Your dentures are delicate, so make sure you are careful when handling them so you don’t drop them. Also, never try to adjust your dentures yourself.
What Are Overdentures?
Overdentures are a tooth or implant “retained denture” that can be removed by the patient. Even with moderate to severe bone loss, a tooth root can often be used as a denture support. At least one root on either side of the arch is necessary to stabilize the denture with a resilient anchor. Additional anchors can further stabilize and relieve the pressure that the denture places on the tissues. The resilient anchors come in a variety of strengths and are tailored to the individual patient’s needs. These are intended to wear so as not to place stress on the anchor teeth and implants. They are quick and easy to change and are economical to replace. Patients with difficulty maintaining the dentures position are excellent candidates for overdentures.
The above photographs represent a hybrid denture.
- The first photograph shows an arch that has had implants place and healed. The number of implants needed will be determined by the amount of bone and relative size of the hybrid.
- The next photograph is that of the underside of a framework to support the teeth. One can see the screw holes used to firmly attach the hybrid to the implants.
- The third photograph is a retracted view of the hybrid denture screwed to place. It is retrievable for any repairs or cleaning of the implants.
- The last photograph is an unretracted smile showcasing the hybrids natural appearance. For further information, please call our office for a consultation.
What Are Hybrid Dentures?
Hybrid dentures are a fixed rigid implant supported prosthesis. The hybrid denture is fixed to implant abutments with screws and can only be removed by a dentist for routine cleaning. The benefits of hybrid dentures are their stability, ability to restore proper facial contours due to loss of bone, ease of retrievability and repair and intermediate cost compared with fixed crown and bridge. Hybrid dentures are favored by patients because of their stability even when ther are issues with the bone support.